Ancient Kiev

Kiev is the cradle of ancient people, from which three brotherly nations originate - Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian. In Kiev the outstanding works of human thought were born, which were included in the treasury of the national and world science, literature and art.

First known human settlement on Kiev’s territory dates back to the late Paleolithic (about 20 thousand years ago). Campsites of the later period were disclosed near the village of Tripoli, in Kiev region. Today there is the private historical museum "Ancient Aratta-Ukraine". Household items found in Tripoli indicate that the settlers were engaged in farming and cattle breeding, achieved great success in pottery and weaving. In the 7th century BC the warlike nomadic Scythian tribes appeared on the Black Sea coast, and the sedentary people had to create fortified settlements for protection. One of these settlements has been discovered within the modern territory of Kiev.

At the end of the 5th century AD Kiev formed as the center of tribal alliances. As the legend says, Kiev was founded by three brothers – Kiy, Scheck and Khoriv, and their sister Lybid’, and then Kiy became the first prince of the new city. During the next centuries Kiev developed and acquired the features of feudal city. Nowadays Kiev is the modern European capital but almost each street, house and stone here bears the traces of historical events. Guests of Kiev can go on a sightseeing tour that introduces the history and culture of the ancient capital of Ukraine. On this tour visitors can see the famous Golden Gate, the ancient St. Sophia Cathedral (11th century), the restored St. Michael Cathedral (12th century), the monument to Princess Olga, St. Andrew and St. Cyril and Methodius. On St. Vladimir's Hill guests can have a look at the monument to Prince Vladimir ("the Baptist of Rus"), the remains of the Church of Tithes ("Desyatynna"), the first stone church in Russia. Then tourists can walk along Andriyivskiy Uzviz (Descent), one of the oldest streets of Eastern Europe, also known as "Kievan Monmartre". At the beginning of the descent there is St. Andrew's Church, the masterpiece of Italian architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli. According to the legend, here Christian apostle Andrew the First-called erected the cross and predicted: "On these mountains the grace of God will shine!" Now we can see that this prediction of the apostle really came true, and Kiev pleases its visitors with exquisite beauty and unique historical atmosphere.

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